One of the biggest technological developments of the 20th century was the invention and development of Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer. First invented in 1958 in Cleveland, Ohio, Carbon Fiber is one of the strongest and lightest materials available to make components of aircrafts, bikes, sporting good, and especially cars.
By using fabrics of woven carbon fibers in layers, developers can create very specific strength and weight patterns in the product by having fewer layers where less strength is required and more layers when more strength is required. Different weave patterns of the fibers are used to further specify the weight to strength ratio needed for a specific structure. Resin then binds these fabric layers together to create a very stiff, strong, and light construction.
Almost anything on a car can be created with carbon fiber which bring a number of different advantages over the typical steel or aluminum car construction. The low weight of carbon fiber increases gas milage as well as improving performance significantly. The increased strength over steel and aluminum make the car stiffer which allows for greater efficiency and accuracy in tuning. Because carbon fiber components can be built to such a small amount of error, more of the performance potential can be reached; for example the car can go faster with a smaller engine or farther with a smaller battery pack.
The first video below shows how Koenigsegg produces the carbon fiber wheels for one of its hypercars, the Agrera. Koenigsegg manufactures some of the fastest and most advanced cars in the world by hand with all research and development done very specifically in house on specific cars. Koenigsegg is a leader in carbon fiber construction and use. The second video goes more in depth into how carbon fiber is molded and set in a demonstration by Mr. Koenigsegg himself. Koenigsegg is an amazing company and all of the INSIDE KOENIGSEGG videos by DRIVE on youtube are interesting and informative!